Forest Protection in the Colombian Rainforest (REDD+) / La Dorada

Forest conservation and species protection through nature conservation contracts and land purchase

The area of this REDD+ nature conservation project is located in the center of Colombia, near Dorada. In order to protect the local fauna and flora from overgrazing and forest degradation, an area of 600 hectares is being developed as a model farm within the Las Mercedes project and a further 7,000 hectares are being sustainably managed in cooperation with local farmers. Sustainable management will lead to higher yields in the long run and ensure the protection of the forest against deforestation. Furthermore, the forest will be used for research and art purposes as a method for sustainable awareness-raising. Through this project, 12,000 tons of CO2 are stored in the Las Mercedes project every year.

Forest Protection in the Colombian Rainforest (REDD+ Project)

Emissions Reduction12.000 t CO2-Äquivalente jährlich über 12 Jahre, Einbehaltung eines Risikopuffers von 35%.

Project DurationStart 2020, support and monitoring for 12 years

Project Costs1.250.000 €

Costs per Tonne of CO2215,5 €

Situation without the ProjectDeforestation and overgrazing

GoalProtection of a 600ha core area and 7,000h of adjacent land from deforestation. Transfer of the land into a sustainable agroforestry system (buffalo farming in the forest) with higher yields compared to the situation without the project.

Further Projects

Reforestation and Natural Reforestation in North-Gondar / Ethiopia (CONCLUDED)

BOKU Climate Mitigation Projects

Sustainable management of pastures and forests

In order to address the problems of deforestation in Ethiopia, a participatory process with local stakeholders was launched in the framework of the BOKU climate protection project in North-Gondar.So-called "fenced areas" were identified by local communities to be protected from grazing by fencing, enabling controlled reforestation and natural regeneration of the areas. As a result CO is sunk in the form of biomass and in the soil.  The areas are jointly managed by the local population and the goal is to create a 30-hectare forest over a period of 30 years, which will sink and store at least 5,300 tonnes of CO2.

Reforestation and Natural Reforestation in North-Gondar / Ethiopia (CONCLUDED)

Emissions Reduction5.300 t CO2 in 30 years

Project DurationStart 2012, monitoring for 30 years.

Project Costs131.600 €

Costs per Tonne of CO2225,0 €

Situation without the ProjectDeforested region and overgrazing

GoalTransformation of 30 ha of fallow land to an unevenly-aged stable coppice forest

Afforestation and Agroforestry in San Miguel / Costa Rica (fully financed)

BOKU Climate Mitigation Projects

Local commitment with global impact

Tropical rainforests are the most species-rich ecosystems on earth and at the same time indispensable for stabilizing the global climate. In January 2016, an area of 14.6 hectares was reforested and converted into a secondary rainforest. This will sequestrate approx. 4,400 tonnes of CO2 from the atmosphere through above-ground and underground CO2-storage and the trained local employees will ensure that the project is locally anchored. The reforestation will be organized and coordinated by the Institute of Botany at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences in coordination with the Austrian Rainforest Association and the Tropical Station La Gamba.

Afforestation and Agroforestry in San Miguel / Costa Rica (fully financed)

Emissions Reduction4.400 t CO2 in 30 years

Project DurationStart 2016, monitoring for 30 years.

Project Costs136.000 €

Costs per Tonne of CO2231,0 €

Situation without the ProjectIncreased deforestation in the region and lack of resources for afforestation

GoalTransfer of approx. 15 ha fallow land into a secondary rainforest

Safe Drinking Water and Clean Air for Soroti / Uganda

BOKU Climate Mitigation Projects

Addressing a variety of challenges

According to the WHO, about 70 percent of Uganda's rural population has no access to clean drinking water. Water is disinfected by cooking over open wood fires, but this also causes health problems. Many people already suffer from serious lung diseases caused by air pollutants from inefficient wood burning. Furthermore, Uganda has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world. An intact environment, clean air, and safe drinking water are, however, the prerequisites for a good life and are indispensable for education, ecological and social sustainability, and the fight against poverty.

Innovative approaches through a broad cooperation network

The use of solar water disinfection (SODIS method) drastically reduces the amount of firewood needed, which should save about 20,000 tonnes of CO2 in the next five years. Furthermore, this project will also counteract the development of harmful smoke in households. The cooperation between the BOKU Institute for Sanitation, Industrial Water Management and Water Pollution Control, the Water School Uganda, and the Makarere University in Kampala ensures a holistic approach to the project.

Water disinfection by UV radiation

Two thousand households in Soroti are being familiarized with the use of solar water disinfection (SODIS method) as part of the BOKU project. The Austrian start-up HELIOZ provides each household with a device for measuring UV radiation (WADI), which has been tested in Africa and Asia. With this device, the disinfection of drinking water can be easily checked and guaranteed. In addition to the CO2-mitigation, the project also brings additional social and ecological added value.

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Safe Drinking Water and Clean Air for Soroti / Uganda

Emissions Reduction20.000 t CO2 in 5 years

Project DurationStart 2019, monitoring for 5 years.

Project Costs329.500 €

Costs per Tonne of CO220,0 €

Situation without the ProjectDeforestation of forest areas, CO2-emissions from the use of firewood for drinking treated water, and health hazards due to flue gas development during wood combustion

GoalUse of solar water disinfection (SODIS method with WADI) in 2000 households and improvement of the hygienic situation

Decentralized Composting in Addis Ababa / Ethiopia

BOKU Climate Mitigation Projects

CO2mitigation through composting of organic waste

Untreated waste due to lack of waste separation, low recycling efforts and inadequate landfilling is a major burden on the environment and the local population. Therefore, the aim of this BOKU climate protection project in Addis Ababa is to convert about 8,000 tonnes of organic waste into nutrient-rich compost per year, reducing about 200 tonnes of CO2 annually.

Involvement of local partners as an important success factor

Households, waste collectors, and other local stakeholders are trained in how to separate waste into organic and other material and collect it properly. The collected organic waste is processed in a composting plant commissioned as part of the project. Trained local workers learn how to control and monitor the composting process to ensure good quality compost. The compost obtained is then sold as high-quality, regional fertilizer and offers the local actors involved an additional income and safe working conditions.

Commitment to equal opportunities

Through the strong involvement of single women, the project also contributes to local social empowerment. This pilot project is intended to be the starting signal for further decentralized composting projects in Ethiopia. Not least through the show garden, a network for the exchange of knowledge and experience is to be created in order to establish decentralized and low-CO2waste management in Ethiopia. In addition to sinking CO2 and improving the quality of the soil, the general nutritional situation can also be influenced.

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Decentralized Composting in Addis Ababa / Ethiopia

Emissions Reduction200 t CO2-eq per year

Project DurationStart of 2016

Project Costs35.000 € per year

Costs per Tonne of CO265 € - Co-financed by BOKU

Situation without the ProjectOrganic waste is not processed and generates greenhouse gas emissions

GoalCollection and composting of about 8.000 tonnes of organic waste annually

Reforestation, Forest Protection and Agroforestry in Siwalik and Gauri- Sankar / Nepal

BOKU Climate Mitigation Projects

Counteracting the pressure on local forests

In Nepal, large areas of forest are dwindling, while grasslands and shrublands are steadily increasing due to the extraction of short-term fertile farmland. The earthquake in 2015 also increased the pressure on forests as a resource for construction and firewood. The main goal of this BOKU carbon sequestration project is to reforest about 80 ha in the regions of Gauri Sankar and Siwalik, of which 20 ha will be used as agricultural land. In addition, 500 efficient bio-gas furnaces will be put into operation.

Combination of forestry and agriculture as key to success

Besides ecological aspects, economic, and social aspects are in the foreground. To counteract forest degradation and its negative social consequences, national and local stakeholders were therefore involved in the selection of the regions in a participatory manner. The decisive factor in the selection of Gauri-Sankar and Siwalik was that they have great potential for establishing a sustainable agroforestry system that can serve as an additional source of income for the local population.

Involvement of local actors and knowledge transfer

Together with the management committees of Gauri Sankar and Siwalik, a reforestation and forest management plan was (among other things) drawn up, best practice examples presented, and training sessions held. Capacity development courses were on sustainable agriculture and forestry (forest management, seedling propagation, and forest fire protection) were conducted, as well as the start-up of tree nurseries to ensure the durability and stability of the project. In this win-win situation, CO2 is mitigated by reforestation, further emissions and harmful flue gases are reduced (cooking stoves), and a new economic basis is created.

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Reforestation, Forest Protection and Agroforestry in Siwalik and Gauri-Sankar / Nepal

Emissions Reduction17.700 t CO2-eq in 30 years

Project DurationStart 2016, monitoring for 30 years.

Project Costs390.000 €

Costs per Tonne of CO222,0 €

Situation without the ProjectForest degradation and deforestation

GoalReforestation of 80 ha of fallow land and establishment of agroforestry

Community Bio-gas Plants in Gulu / Uganda

BOKU Climate Mitigation Projects

Small-scale bio-gas plants instead of deforestation and erosion

Dieses BOKU-Klimaschutzprojekt reduziert CO2-Emissionen durch den Einsatz von Biogasanlagen. Vermehrtes Kochen auf offenem Feuer führt zu einer starken Waldübernutzung, der Freisetzung von gefährlichen Kohlenstoffverbindungen und Bodenerosion. Die Anschaffung von Holzkohle und Brennholz wird zunehmend zu einer ökonomischen Belastung für die lokale Bevölkerung. Mit dem Bau von kleinen Biogasanlagen und ihrer ordnungsgemäßen Inbetriebnahme wird eine alternative und energieeffiziente Kochvariante angeboten.

Strengthening of the community through solidarity implementation

The joint organization of the introduction of animal manure and the distribution of gas and fermentation residue (fertilizer) strengthens the sustainable development of the area. The bio-gas plants are based on a collaborative approach, in which households with more animals support households with fewer animals by introducing more animal manure into the plants. The produced bio-gas and fertilizer are distributed to the respective households in solidarity.

Seedlings and training courses flank the project

Households are provided with gas stoves and training as part of the project. They are also given seedlings so that they can use the fertilizer produced immediately. The scientific support of the project is provided by BOKU and the University of Gulu and offers opportunities for research by students and young scientists. Thus, this BOKU project not only makes a significant contribution to climate mitigation and adaptation but also improves the living situation in Uganda through co-benefits.

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Community Bio-gas Plants in Gulu / Uganda

Emissions Reduction18.000 t CO2-eq in 6 years

Project DurationStart 2020, duration of 6 years

Project Costs703.200 €

Costs per Tonne of CO219,5 €

Situation without the ProjectDeforestation of forest areas, CO2-emissions from the use of firewood and charcoal, and health hazards from flue gases

GoalConstruction of 200 bio-gas plants for a total of 800 households and schools, and an increase in food production.

Project DeveloperCaritas Carinthia, IFA - Institute for Environmental Biotechnology (from BOKU), Caritas Gulu and Gulu University, Uganda

Co-financing Partners and (other) PartnersCaritas Upper Austria, Bruder und Schwester in Not Innsbruck (BSIN), Missio